Wealden District Council

Frequently Asked Questions - Ashdown Forest 7km Special Protection Area

Why is the 7km zone needed?

To protect the Ashdown Forest from further damage which would destroy rare heathland which has been designated as protected under European legislation.

Why 7km; why not 4km?

On the advice of experts including Natural England and air quality consultants, WDC proposed a 7km protection zone as part of the Local Plan which was consulted on, subject to challenge and examination in public but was endorsed by the Planning Inspector and agreed by the Councillors in November 2012. This isn't something that WDC has invented or plucked from thin air. It could have proposed a 4km zone or alternatively a 15km zone and both were considered.

So does that mean a blanket ban on development in the zone?

Not at all and this is one of the bits of misinformation which seems to be widely circulating. The Local Plan sets out levels of development for housing, retail and economic activities which will not damage the forest. These are substantial with, for example, some 300 houses in Crowborough and 1,000 in Uckfield; 12,500 sq m allocated for employment growth and 10,000 sq m allocated for retail growth in Uckfield. This is in addition to the 22,000 sq m for employment previously granted planning permission at Ashdown Business Park in Maresfield.

But what about development above this; isn't that banned?

No, development above and beyond this is possible but will need to prove that it will not damage the forest which in practical terms means no more vehicle emissions than currently.

But surely that's impossible?

Not at all; we are keen to work with applicants to develop ways that applications can proceed and are already successfully doing so. There will inevitably be some proposals which cannot proceed because it just isn't possible to meet the 7km protection zone criteria and we are legally required to protect the forest.

It seems like a lot of fuss just for a piece of heathland and a few birds?

It's a bit more than that. As well as the legal requirement to ensure the forest is protected WDC is committed to maintaining Wealden as a jewel of green space in the East Sussex crown. The Local Plan balances the need for development, economic, social and environmental aspects across the district. On the economic front tourism brings in close to £300m of income to the district each year and provides 4,600 much needed jobs. The Ashdown Forest is a key element of that.

So how will you know if the forest is being damaged?

We are monitoring the main cause of damage; nitrogen deposition; to understand what level this is currently at and how it is changing. This will take some time and we won't have any meaningful information for at least 2 years. In the meantime the development allowed under the Local Plan can go ahead.

I've heard that the plan has been legally challenged?

That's correct - the Local Plan is subject to a judicial review on the grounds that we did not follow the correct procedures in developing and agreeing the plan. This will take some time and we do not expect a court date until towards the end of this year. We are confident we will successfully defend this challenge and in the meantime the Local Plan remains adopted and we will work to implement it.

I've also heard that the Planning Minister Nick Boles isn't happy with your plan?

Yes we've heard that too, unfortunately not from Mr Boles directly but from statements he has made to others. We're a bit confused about that as it was the Planning Inspectorate (who are part of his department, DCLG) that found our Local Plan sound and his department is defending the Judicial Review alongside us. So we've written to him asking to meet with him so we can understand what he isn't happy with and why and to explain our position.

Where can I find out more information?

For more information go to our Agents Information on the Ashdown Forest SPA, SAC, SSSI web page.