COVID-19 and climate change survey now live
The lockdown restrictions to control the spread of coronavirus forced us all to change our habits almost overnight. Some of those changes, such as travelling and shopping less during full lockdown, were good for the environment. Others, like avoiding public transport during the summer were not so good as they meant more cars on the road.
What changes did you have to make because of the restrictions? Are there any you would like to continue once restrictions are lifted?
We’ve put together a survey to find out about climate-positive behaviours people want to continue. The survey is available online at: https://www.wealden.gov.uk/lifestyleimpact, and closes on 29 March.
Our climate is changing as a result of human activity since the industrial revolution. If we are to avoid the most harmful effects of climate change, such as more extreme weather, warmer summers, wetter winters and increases in sea level, we must take action to reduce our impact on the environment now.
Wealden District Council is committed to protecting and improving our natural environment, reducing our emissions and enhancing quality of life for our residents. Working with our partners, businesses and the community, we are taking action.
EmissionsThe report sets out baseline carbon emissions data for Wealden as a District, and for the Council. Total net emissions for the District in 2017 were 636 KtCO2e (kilotonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent). Almost half (47%) are from the transport sector. Domestic buildings account for 35% of emissions and non-domestic buildings account for the remaining 18%.
The Council recognises that it has a role to play in helping to achieve emissions reductions, both from its own operations and by acting as a leader and catalyst for community-wide action. In order to deliver on our Net Zero targets, the Council is adopting three main approaches to action:
- Direct control: adopting best practice in our own operations
- Indirect local influence: working with our partners to delivery community initiatives, awareness raising and behaviour change
- Indirect national influence: lobbying central government to bring forward policy and release funding
Action on climate change is not new for Wealden; we have been taking action to address, mitigate, and adapt to, climate change for a number of years.
For example, in 2011, our offices in Hailsham were renovated to high sustainability standards, achieving a BREEAM ‘Excellent’ rating. This included a comprehensive energy efficient retrofit. The offices now benefit from air source heat pumps, solar photovoltaic (PV) energy generation, passive ventilation, solar shading, cycle storage, and dedicated car-share bays. We also have one publicly accessible electric car charging bay and will soon be taking delivery of our first 100% electric pool car.
Cabinet Prioritised Climate Emergency Plan Actions
We are now working on the delivery of Cabinet’s prioritised Climate Emergency actions. These include a number of enabling actions that will help us to make bigger changes in the future. The prioritised actions are contained within the Cabinet report for the 18th December meeting and include actions to:
- Reduce the demand for energy from buildings across the Council and the District through increased energy efficiency and behaviour change
- Investigate the potential for new and retrofitting of low carbon heating systems across the District
- Assess Council buildings for further renewable energy generation and storage potential
- Promote public and private low carbon transport options, such as zero emission cars, and install public charging infrastructure
- Explore the potential to remove and store atmospheric carbon in vegetation and soils (sequestration) to further reduce our emissions as a District
As well as these actions, we are also working to disseminate the results of the study, establish monitoring and reporting mechanisms, improve the collection of emissions data and identify potential funding sources.
Progress on prioritised actions is overseen by the Economic Development, Waste Management and Human Resources Cabinet Advisory Group (CAG). The group is chaired by the Councillor Roy Galley (Portfolio Holder) and meets approximately every 8 weeks.
The status of each action is updated prior to every CAG meeting. The latest Priority Actions Update can be viewed here.
As a resident
We all have a role to play if we are to achieve our target of net-zero emissions as a District, county and country by 2050 or sooner. There is a lot of information available online to help you reduce your own emissions:
Our Energy Efficiency pages give some great advice on practical actions you can take at home to improve energy efficiency and reduce your bills.
The Energy Saving Trust has information on changes that you can make to save energy. This includes ‘quick wins’ like understanding your bills to larger projects like boiler replacement or installing solar panels.
The South East Climate Alliance has a collection of resources and actions that individuals can take to reduce their impact on the climate.
If you would like to understand your own carbon footprint, you can calculate your emissions using free online tools. For example:
As a business
Many of the resources for residents will also help businesses reduce energy bills and consider their environmental impact. There are some resources available to small, medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in East Sussex to help combat climate change – the LOCASE project offers energy efficiency support and funding towards projects to reduce energy bills.
The Carbon Trust provides resources for business to help take advantage of the opportunities climate change may provide, and to improve the sustainability of their operations.
What does climate change mean for Wealden?
- Hotter summers with an increase in average summer temperature of 2-3°C by 2040 and 5-6°C by 2080
- Warmer winters with an increase in average winter temperature of 1-2°C by 2040 and 3-4°C by 2080
- Drier summers with a reduction in average precipitation of 20-30% by 2040 and 30-50% by 2080
- Wetter winters with an increase in average precipitation of 10-20% by 2040 and 20-30% by 2080
- Sea level rise of up to 0.3m by 2040 and 0.8m by 2080
In 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a special report on the impact of the climate warming by 1.5°C. They found that:
“Climate-related risks for natural and human systems are higher for global warming of 1.5°C than at present, but lower than at 2°C. These risks depend on the magnitude and rate of warming, geographic location, level of development and vulnerability, and on the choices and implementation of adaptation and mitigation options.”
We are currently on course for a global surface temperature increase of greater than 2°C. This means that the risks from climate change may be much more severe than anticipated. The findings of the report support rapid action to reduce carbon emissions to achieve global net-zero at or around 2050:
“In model pathways with no or limited overshoot of 1.5°C, global net anthropogenic CO2 emissions decline by about 45% from 2010 levels by 2030 (40–60% interquartile range), reaching net zero around 2050 (IPCC, 2018).”
The UK Climate Projections 2018 data has been produced by the Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Programme. They use up-to-date climate science to generate projections of how the climate of the UK may change over the next 80 years. Data is available at a range of scales from 60km2 global projections down to 2.2km2 for local assessment.
Data and background information is freely available from the Met Office website (registration is required to generate downloads).
The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) produces a Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) every 5 years. This document sets out the main risks and opportunities to the UK from climate change.
The first CCRA was published in 2012 and identified the risks to key sectors from climate change but did not give an indication of the scale or timing of action needed. The second CCRA was published in 2017. This report took a risk based approach and identified 6 risks and one research priority across all sectors for the UK:
All of these risks will affect Wealden District in some form, and we will be working with our partners to identify ways in which we can address both the risks and opportunities that climate change may bring.