The use of open fires and wood-burning stoves has risen in popularity over recent years. This increase means that we are seeing more emissions of fine particulate matter (PM) from biomass burning and a subsequent increase in air pollution.
Domestic wood and coal burning are now the single largest contributors to our harmful PM emissions comprising almost 40% in 2015. This compares to emissions from industrial combustion (17%) and road transport (13%). The tiny particles in smoke can cause a range of health impacts, including breathing problems, exacerbating asthma symptoms and other health conditions such as heart disease.
DEFRA has produced Open fires and wood-burning stoves – a practical guide
We would also like to draw your attention to a further information guide entitled We all breathe the same air . This has been produced by chimney sweeps and provides clear advice on the procedures to follow when lighting a stove to minimise smoke emissions.